As the a non-linguist, I’m confused about the concept of instance

What exactly is the definition, since linguists utilize it? Can it be regarding various forms one nouns/pronouns can take? Will it be about the intent behind this new noun regarding phrase?

Including, from inside the Modern Greek, brand new end of nouns transform on circumstances. Some other nouns e case even though, very “case” isn’t just about function (new end), but also in the definition.

For the English, endings you should never changes. English is claimed not to have instances. However English is also express a similar significance, even though this is marked various other means than just having endings, e.grams. having fun with prepositions otherwise word order.

Hungarian is claimed to have many cases, but given that a local presenter, I don’t see the difference in the newest suffixes used by Hungarian and the prepositions utilized by English. You to definitely will come until the term, additional follows, but if not they share an identical kind of meaning. In both languages, he’s got an identical form irrespective of and that keyword they have been utilized that have. (Getting direct, for the Hungarian the newest endings transform some so you can esteem vowel harmony. But that isn’t comparable to the wildly additional endings that Greek uses for the same instance.)

From inside the Romanian schools, it is taught you to definitely Romanian has five instances. Yet not, there’s no difference whatsoever within brand of nouns about nominative/accusative and you will dative/genitive pairs. When schoolchildren is actually questioned to determine circumstances from inside the training, this new difference in these sets is performed considering definition (and this can be deduced elizabeth.grams. off term buy) and not the brand new end/sort of nouns. This new “case” failed to be known should your noun just weren’t an integral part of a phrase.

Will there be an accurate and you will universal definition of situation from inside the linguistics, or perhaps is it really a phrase out-of benefits that is used differently to several languages?

cuatro Answers cuatro

There are several significance away from case, but the differences in traditional terminology ranging from languages plus have only too much to manage with different life style to own teaching grammar.

Morphological situation

The original notion of “case” dates back to Greek and you will Latin traditional sentence structure. Within context, it’s strongly linked to the concept of an effective noun’s (or a keen adjective’s, while the adjectives was indeed considered a kind of noun) declension or inflectional paradigm. An effective paradigm are visualized since the a table that has had additional inflected types of a term.

Even though the thought of “inflection” (in the place of derivation) has many problem of their individual, most of the time it’s very easy, so I’m merely probably imagine in this address you to definitely we have been accepting the theory one to “inflection” are a significant label. Inflection is considered to be a kind of morphology, although the options ranging from some other inflected kinds of a term is have a tendency to trained by syntactic environment. A common sensation within the morphology is actually syncretism, which can be idea of in this instance while the an excellent situtation in which the inflectional paradigm of a phrase is sold with collection of but formally identical variations. E.g. for the English, particular nouns possess identical only 1 and plural models (deer, sheep) and some verbs keeps identical prior and present variations (hit, shed).

You might usually promote synchronic proof to have syncretism by considering the overall morphological program out of a vocabulary and enjoying when the specific terms tell you type of models, although anyone else don’t. Instance, when you look at the Latin, there are a number of third-declension nouns end for the -has been identical nominative and genitive forms about only 1 (e.g. collis, collis yards. ‘hill’) but the majority of most other nouns enjoys other nominative and you will Lesben-Dating-Seite genitive variations for the the singular (e.g. puer, pueri, meters. ‘boy’ and you may puella, puellae, f. ‘girl’). It constitutes evidence that Latin morphology overall possess good nominative-genitive huge difference, even if never assume all conditions enjoys distinctive line of nominative and genitive variations.